First Aid Basics for 10 Common Workplace Injuries

First Aid Basics for 10 Common Workplace Injuries

Workplace safety is of utmost importance to protect employees from injuries and accidents. It is essential for both employers and employees to be aware of first aid basics to provide immediate care in the event of an injury. This article aims to educate readers about 10 common workplace injuries and the appropriate first aid measures to take in each case, based on the Singapore Workplace Safety and Health Act.


1. Cuts and Lacerations

Cuts and lacerations are common workplace injuries that can occur in various industries. In the event of a cut or laceration, it is important to clean the wound with mild soap and water, and apply pressure to stop bleeding. If the bleeding is severe or the wound is deep, professional medical attention should be sought immediately. Learn more about Occupational First Aid Course at SCAL Academy.


2. Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains can occur due to falls, improper lifting, or repetitive motions. In such cases, the R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) method can be applied. Rest the injured area, apply ice to reduce swelling, use a compression bandage, and elevate the affected limb. Seek medical attention if there is severe pain or inability to move the injured area properly.


3. Burns

Burns can happen due to contact with hot objects, chemicals, or fire. In case of a burn, cool the affected area under running water for at least 10 minutes to reduce heat and relieve pain. Cover the burn with a clean, non-stick dressing. Seek immediate medical assistance for severe burns or if the burn covers a large area.


4. Eye Injuries

Eye injuries can occur from foreign objects, chemicals, or even bright lights. If an object is lodged in the eye, do not attempt to remove it. Instead, cover the eye gently with a clean cloth and seek immediate medical help. For chemical splashes, rinse the eye with clean water for at least 15 minutes before seeking medical attention.


5. Fractures

If a fracture is suspected, it is important to immobilize the injured area by using a splint or any available support. Apply ice packs wrapped in a cloth to reduce swelling. Seek professional medical assistance promptly for proper diagnosis and treatment.


6. Electric Shocks

Electric shocks can occur in workplaces with electrical equipment. Ensure the power source is switched off before approaching the injured person. Do not touch the person directly if they are still in contact with the electrical source. Call for emergency medical help immediately.


7. Heat Exhaustion and Heatstroke

In hot and humid Singapore, heat exhaustion and heatstroke can pose a risk in certain work environments. Move the affected person to a cool place, provide cool water, and use cold compresses to lower their body temperature. Seek medical assistance if symptoms persist or worsen.


8. Fainting and Dizziness

If someone faints or feels dizzy, lay them down in a safe and comfortable position. Elevate their legs slightly to increase blood flow to the brain. Loosen any tight clothing around their neck. If the person does not regain consciousness within a minute or if they have trouble breathing, call for medical help immediately.


9. Choking

Choking can occur when a person's airway is partially or completely blocked. Encourage the person to cough forcefully to dislodge the object. If the person is unable to cough, perform the Heimlich maneuver or abdominal thrusts. If the obstruction cannot be cleared, call for emergency medical assistance.


10. Chemical Exposure

In case of chemical exposure, move the person to a well-ventilated area and flush the affected area with water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing while rinsing. Call for emergency medical help and provide information about the chemical involved.



Being knowledgeable about first aid basics can make a significant difference in the outcome of workplace injuries. By promptly providing appropriate first aid, the severity of injuries can be reduced, and potential complications can be avoided. Ensure that you and your colleagues are trained in first aid through courses like the Occupational First Aid Course and the Occupational First Aid Refresher Course offered by SCAL Academy.

Remember, workplace safety is a shared responsibility, and everyone should be equipped with the necessary knowledge to handle common workplace injuries effectively.

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