Dealing with Wounds, Bleeding & Shock: First Aid Tips and Techniques

Dealing with Wounds, Bleeding & Shock: First Aid Tips and Techniques

When it comes to workplace safety and health in Singapore, it is crucial to be well-prepared to handle emergencies, especially when dealing with wounds, bleeding, and shock. In this article, we will provide you with essential first aid tips and techniques to effectively manage these situations, adhering to the Singapore Workplace Safety and Health Act.


Understanding Wounds

Wounds can occur in various workplace scenarios, ranging from minor cuts and scrapes to more severe injuries. It is important to assess the type and severity of the wound to determine the appropriate first aid response.

For minor wounds, clean the affected area with mild soap and water, apply an antiseptic solution, and cover it with a sterile dressing to prevent infection. Remember to wear disposable gloves to maintain personal hygiene while providing assistance.

In cases of deep cuts or wounds that result in heavy bleeding, take immediate action to control the bleeding and seek medical help. Apply direct pressure on the wound using a clean cloth or your hand. Elevating the injured limb and applying pressure to the pressure points near the wound can also help reduce blood flow.


Managing Bleeding

Bleeding can be external or internal, and prompt action is necessary to prevent excessive blood loss and potential complications. Here are some steps to manage bleeding:

  • Immediately apply direct pressure to the wound using a sterile dressing or cloth.

  • Elevate the injured area if possible, as it helps reduce blood flow to the site.

  • If bleeding persists, apply additional dressings and maintain pressure.

  • Do not remove any lodged objects in the wound to avoid further damage.

  • Call for medical assistance or arrange for transportation to the nearest medical facility if the bleeding is severe or does not stop.


Dealing with Shock

Shock is a severe condition that can occur as a result of significant blood loss or traumatic injuries. It requires immediate attention to prevent further deterioration of the victim's condition. Here's what you can do:

  • Ensure the person is lying flat on their back with their legs elevated, unless they have a suspected head, neck, back, or leg injury.

  • Cover the person with a blanket or clothing to keep them warm and prevent hypothermia.

  • Monitor their breathing and heart rate while waiting for medical help.

  • Reassure and provide emotional support to the person to help reduce anxiety and stress.



Remember, providing first aid during emergencies requires proper training. To enhance your knowledge and skills in occupational first aid, consider enrolling in the SCAL Academy's Occupational First Aid Course or the Occupational First Aid Refresher Course. These courses will equip you with the necessary techniques and expertise to handle workplace emergencies effectively.

By being prepared and knowledgeable in first aid techniques, you can contribute to creating a safe and healthy working environment in Singapore.

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