Burn Injuries: Effective First Aid Procedures for Prompt Relief

Burn Injuries: Effective First Aid Procedures for Prompt Relief

Burn injuries can occur in various settings, including workplaces, and can range from mild to severe. It is essential to provide prompt first aid to minimize the damage and alleviate pain. In this article, we will discuss effective first aid procedures for burn injuries in Singapore, adhering to the Workplace Safety and Health Act.


Understanding Burn Injuries

Burn injuries can result from exposure to heat, chemicals, electricity, or radiation. They can cause damage to the skin, underlying tissues, and even internal organs. Burns are categorized into three degrees:

  • First-degree burns: Affect the outermost layer of the skin, causing redness and mild pain.

  • Second-degree burns: Affect both the outer and underlying layers of the skin, resulting in blistering, severe pain, and potential scarring.

  • Third-degree burns: Affect all layers of the skin and may extend to the underlying tissues. They can cause white or charred skin, significant pain, and permanent damage.


Now, let's explore the steps to provide effective first aid for burn injuries:


1. Assess the Situation

Before providing any first aid, it is crucial to ensure the safety of yourself and the injured person. If the burn occurs in the workplace, follow the guidelines specified in the Workplace Safety and Health Act to prevent further accidents.


2. Remove the Source of Heat

If the burn is caused by a hot object or liquid, carefully remove the source of heat from the affected area. Be cautious not to further damage the skin or escalate the injury.


3. Cool the Burn

Immediately cool the burn under running water for at least 10 minutes. Ensure the water is not too cold to cause hypothermia. Cooling the burn helps reduce pain, prevent further tissue damage, and promote healing.

Example: If a worker accidentally touches a hot surface in the workplace and sustains a burn, the immediate action should be to cool the burn under running water.


4. Cover the Burn

After cooling the burn, cover it with a sterile non-stick dressing or a clean cloth to protect the area from infection. Avoid using adhesive bandages directly on the burn as they may cause further damage during removal.


5. Seek Medical Attention

It is crucial to seek medical attention for burns that are severe, cover a large area, or involve sensitive areas like the face, hands, feet, or genitals. Additionally, burns caused by chemicals or electricity require immediate medical evaluation.

For minor burns that do not require immediate medical attention, the injured person should still be advised to consult a medical professional to ensure proper healing and to prevent complications.



By following these effective first aid procedures, individuals can provide prompt relief to burn injuries in compliance with the Workplace Safety and Health Act. Remember, ensuring the safety and well-being of workers is crucial in maintaining a secure and productive work environment. To enhance your first aid knowledge and skills, consider enrolling in SCAL Academy's Occupational First Aid Course or the Occupational First Aid Refresher Course.


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Medium Of Instruction

  • English

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